INDA - Final Response De Stijl

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INDA - Final Response De Stijl

Post  winida mahachaiwanit on Mon Dec 12, 2011 11:48 am

De Stijl, or what is know for neoplasticism, which is style, was produce by a man name Theo van Doesburg who is a dutch architect in Nertherland in the year 1917. This movement is to reduce the most out of the picture but still get the same meaning, minimize. It’s very modern to the world right now. It’s the basic of nearly everything, it’s the symbol which make a system by forms and shape. De Stijl make reference and it’s also a tool to help organize things better.

People are now using De Stijl as basic thinking of creating new products and ideas, De Stijl make things very simple. This style is only consist of lines and shape that make it complete and also colour. There is more of De Stijl in our everyday life. The style influences many people because it shows that less is more.

According to Krauss, the grid pattern plays an important role in modern world. Grid has become a pattern to organize things, separate it. Rosalind Krauss, who is an American art critic, describes the importance of the grid as a structure. She argue that using grid is not just art but it also creates myth out of it.

Unlike most movement, this De Stijl movement have become something that people can branch out of it and use it to adapt to the modern world, because De Stijl principle is to be simple with just few lines, colour, and geometric shapes.

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Final response De stijl

Post  Satakhun on Mon Dec 12, 2011 12:49 pm

De Stijl or “The style” Art movement that founded by a group of Dutch artist in 1917 and it also continue to 1931. The group shared the same name as their publication called 'De Stijl' . This movement was known as Neo –Plasticism which is a form that uses color lines and immoderate components. Destijl concerns about from and color it’s focusing on mainly using vertical and horizontal lines with main color red, blue ,yellow and with non color black and white Neo –Plasticism cannot be described Krauss said, “the grid plays an important role in modern art” the grid pattern is very important in modern world. Grids create ways of organization make lots of thing easier to organize. The Grids appear in building design even in industrial design “The Red and Blue Chair” by Rietveld is the one of the example The grid is “Flattened, geometriczed, ordered, it is antinatural, antimimetic, antireal” which is the main aim of De stijil(Krauss,p.50) the grid is the simple non complex design form of an art so it widely use in everywhere

Grid makes our world change so much. It is a simple and basic form of art and structure that only consist of lines crossing in rectangular shape but makes everything easier and less complex than before

Reference:
1. LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
2. Krauss, Rosalind. "Grids." The MIT Press 9 (1979): 50-64. Print.
3. “De Stijl Movement.” abstract-art-explained. Web. 11 Dec 2011.



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Phuripop

Post  Phuripop Paisalsak on Mon Dec 12, 2011 1:30 pm

De Stijl was inspired by Theosophy. The eccentric mathematician M.H.J. Schoenmaekers devised a mystical Neo-Platonic philosophy based on geometry. Schoenmaekers published The New Image of the World (1915) and Principles of Plastic Mathematics (1916). From Schoenmaekers’s work the group developed an artistic philosophy known as Nieuwe Beelding or Neo-Plasticism. The term was coined by Mondrian in 1917. In his essay, ‘Neo-Plasticism in Pictorial Art’, Mondrian defined the new aesthetic:

This new plastic idea will ignore the particulars of appearance, that is to say, natural form and colour. On the contrary, it should find its expression in the abstraction of form and colour, that is to say, in the straight line and the clearly defined primary colour. [This art allows] only primary colours and non-colours, only squares and rectangles, only straight and horizontal or vertical line.

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Jirapatr Jitwattanasilp

Post  Jirapatr on Mon Dec 12, 2011 2:13 pm

De Stijl is a Dutch's word, in English it's mean "The Style" or also know as Neo-Plasticsm. It was founded by architect and painter Theo Van Deosburg at Leiden,Netherland in 1917. Vantongerloo, JJP Oud, Rietveld and Mondrian are the others founder. In general, De Stijl proposed ultimate simplicity and abstraction, both in architecture and painting, by using only straight horizontal and vertical lines and rectangular forms. Only Primary Colour and Values, red ,yellow, blue, black, grey and white was used. The works avoided symmetry and attained aesthetic balance by the use of opposition. This element of the movement embodies the second meaning of stijl: “a post, jamb or support". De Stijl movement was spread through town planning, fine arts, applied arts and philosophy.

According to the theory of De Stijl which using straight horizontal and vertical line, rectangular shape and primary colors. it's making a kind of minimalism art and also influenced to many more kind of modernism art.Grid is an important part of this movement, it's a part of De Stijl signature. I agree with Alliya that grid The grid is a guide to creating art. In De Stijl mostly using grid in their art. In modernism art which was influenced by De Stijl, grid still effect and be a part in many works.


LaMar Conelly.Global Art History.Fall 2011, De Stijl.Slideshow.

"The De Stijl Movement" De Stijl Architecture, De Stijl Pictures, De Stijl Paintings, and De Stijl Artists. Retrieved on Sunday 11 December 2011 from http://www.arthistoryguide.com/De_Stijl.aspx>

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Final response

Post  Pawika on Mon Dec 12, 2011 2:47 pm

De Stiji or commonly known as ‘The Style’ was a Dutch artistic movement founded by Theo van Doesburg from 1917 to 1931. De Stiji was a Neo-plasticism style which is recognizable by the use of grids, geometric forms, straight lines (horizontal and vertical) as well as primary colors, red yellow and blue with black, grey and white.

The style brought back to the fundamental element of art ; form and color, level and line which created simplicity of a modernism. They aim to reduce realism style and prefer using simply forms and functions to create a simply beautiful art. According to Krauss, “The grid plays an important role in modern art.” Grids have become an initial inspiration and relevant to modernism in many ways, especially we can notice from famous art piece as Piet Mondrian, Composition II in Red, Blue and Yellow in 1930.

Therefore, De Stiji leads and influences their style to the world. It has been applied and used widely every kinds of art such as architecture and urban designs, graphic designs, product designs and more.

References
1. LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
2. Krauss, Rosalind. "Grids." The MIT Press 9 (1979): 50-64. Print.

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De Stijl

Post  Panitnaat on Mon Dec 12, 2011 3:39 pm

De Stijl, also known as Neoplasticism or "The Style" as translated literally, was an art movement founded by Theo van Doesburg in 1917 which distinctively uses grids or planes to create “harmony and order via pure abstraction”(LaMar). This movement was founded as people were looking for ‘new’ form of art or simply anything new, much similar to the Dada movement. It focuses on “creating complex constructions out of primary elements” (ibid.). It uses the power of grids and simplicity, one of the primary ideas of modernism (modern art, architectural, interior and industrial design), to create different harmony and tensions.

By limiting the tools and elements for the painting to consists of only simple horizontal or vertical geometric shapes (especially rectangles and squares) primary colors, black grey and white, it require the viewers to look at what the painting is, the colors, the harmony, the tension etc., not just what is in it. In other words, because no natural forms or figures is involved in a De Stijl painting, it means that the audience will judge the painting based exactly on what it is not what it looks like unlike other realistic arts.

De Stijl eventually influenced modernism design as can be seen from Rietveld’s “Red and Blue Chair” and “Reitveld Schroder House” which really suited its period of modernism where the idea that everything should be simplified and not overly decorated was popular.

This art movement is an important key that leads to launching of architectural movement and designs that use grids as its aspect. Its aesthetic value could be arguable to several people who prefer something more realistic, similar to how people reacted to the modernism movement in architecture, but it eventually got accepted in general.

References:
[1]LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
[2]"De Stijl movement, De Stijl art, De Stijl history, De Stijl period, De Stijl pictures ." Art History & Periods, Artist Biographies, Art Galleries, & Art Schools . N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://www.arthistoryguide.com/De_Stijl.aspx>.

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De Stijl, The Style

Post  Grape Nalintragoon on Mon Dec 12, 2011 3:47 pm

Theo Van Doesburg a Dutch artist in 1917, practicing in painting, writing and poetry, architecture and founder of the De Stijl movement applied De Stijl principles to architecture, sculpture and typography.
The De Stijl (literally, "the style") encompassed a new type of style in modern art and architecture. This movement used the artistic talent of the artists by designing homes, buildings, and industrial field as well, for example; furniture ‘Red and Blue Chair’ 1917 by Gerrit Rietvel and also Cigarette Package 1926 by Vilmos Huszar. (Slide 40, 29)
A De Stijl picture represented a fragment of a larger project concerning space: the house as an interior space, and the city as an assembly of houses. The austere forms of De Stijl were well suited to the geometric structures favored by the International Modernist movement, while the primary colors favored by the painters could be used as decorative elements.
According to Krauss, the grid is “Flattened, geometricized, ordered, it is anti natural, anti mimetic, anti real.” which is the main aim and philosophy of De Stijl (Krauss, p. 50). The grids are widely used in almost everywhere since it is the simplest and non-complex form of art.
De Stijl is a simple artwork style that fits the minimalism ‘Less is More’ which is a part leads to the modernism. Likewise the Grid, which uses the same principle by reduction to the essentials of form and color; they simplified visual compositions to the vertical and horizontal directions, and used only primary colors along with black and white.
I find it very fascinating that a work of art can be very beautiful with the use of just primary colors, simple shapes such as squares and rectangles and only vertical and horizontal lines.
The De Stijl artists sought to preserve the primacy of aesthetic principles as agents of social reform in their own right. As a result, composition and balance played a huge part in their work, making the De Stijl art movement fairly influential in the next few decades of modern design and modern architecture.

LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. 9. MIT: The MIT Press, 1979. 50-64. Print

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Re: INDA - Final Response De Stijl

Post  onchanok on Mon Dec 12, 2011 3:54 pm

De Stijil, also known as neo-plasticism, is a Dutch artistic movement found in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg. It focused on a visual simplicity by making a complex construction from primary elements. It is a “new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order (LaMar)” representing the true nature of reality, which is not what our eyes tell us. De Stijil is considered as a part of modernism. The main factor that separated this movement from other movements such as cubism is the reduction of form and colors by making paintings from simple visual compositions. It consists of vertical and horizontal lines that form a grid, basic shapes like square and rectangles, and primary colors in addition to black and white. According to Krauss, the grid, “a mapping of the space inside the frame onto itself (62),” is “an emblem of modernity (52).” The grid helps the artists map positive and negative space, which is effectively used in De Stijil paintings as our eyes were pushed around the canvas by the formation of the grid into rectangles filled with primary colors. The grid helps cubism, de Stijl, Mondrian, Malevich “landed in the present, and everything else was declared to be the past (Krauss 53).”

Apart from painting, de Stijl has also influenced abstract art, graphic design, furniture design, typography, architecture and interior design. According to Coulton, “de Stijl has had its greatest influence, however, on the evolution of modern architecture.” One good example is the Rietveld Schroder House by Gerrit Thomas Rietveld who was a Dutch furniture designer and architect. He is also famous for his Red and Blue Chair, a piece of furniture that “the ornate and detail are omitted, and only the essential elements remain (Johnstone).” Even though he separated from De Stijl in 1928, he still maintained its primary principles. Personally, I think it is very fascinating to see the transformation of a two-dimensional painting into a three dimensional piece of art and still able to maintain the same ‘rules’ such as the use of primary colors, rectangular shapes, horizontal and vertical lines.

LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. The MIT Press. Oct. 1979. PDF.
Coulton, Brent. "The Influence of De Stijil." 12 Dec. 2011 <http://sites.google.com/site/bintphotobooks/destijl>.
Jirousek, Charlotte. "De Stijl." Art, Design, and Visual Thinking. 12 Dec. 2011 <http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/decart/destijl/decstijl.htm>.
Johnstone, Edgeworth. "De Stijl | Modern Art." Contemporary Artist London, British UK. 12 Dec. 2011 <http://www.edgeworthjohnstone.co.uk/article_destijl.html>.



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final response: De Stijl

Post  Chittranuch Napawan on Mon Dec 12, 2011 3:59 pm

De Stijl, or “The Style” was an art movement founded by Theo van Deosburg in around 1917. Deosburg, together with his group, wanted to find a new aesthetic of art that is breaking the rule of realism. They insist to use only straight lines, which are across one another, forming rectangular shapes or grids. The colors were also to be eliminated. Only pure primary colors, and black and white were to be allowed. Piet Mondrian once commented that the “pure plastic vision should build a new society, in the same way that in art it has built a new plasticism”. [1] The artworks in this movement have a depersonalized and an anonymous feel.

Despite the massive disruption of WWI, certain aspects of modern activity continued during the 1914-18 period. This movement is related to modernism because the style was controlled and deducted to the abstract aesthetic principles. This kind of art turns its back on the nature. They are unreal because you will not see the curves like mountains or trees, but just straight lines. [2] The ideas of De Stijl influenced the German Bauhaus, founded in Weimar, in 1919. This radical and influential institution brought together art, craft, design, and also related to architecture. The grids in De Stijl are also not considered perspectival because perspective is relied on the real world referent. As it is stated in Krauss’s essay: “Everything about the grid opposes that relationship, cuts it off from the very beginning. Unlike perspective, the grid does not map the space of a room or a landscape or a group of figures onto the surface of a painting. Indeed, if it maps anything, it maps the surface of the painting itself. It is a transfer in which nothing changes place.” [3]

De Stijl is also influence architecture, industrial design and urban planning, unlike the prior movements. Giving an example, between 1923 and 1924, Rietveld designed the Rietveld Schröder House, which is the building that is created completely according to De Stijl principles. Rietveld’s architectural design makes this house perfectly constructed by playing with volumes, surfaces and colours. “With the Schröder House, Rietveld invented a model, provided an opportunity to experiment a new lifestyle, and broke away from middle-class codes.” [4]

Grids have always been used since the ancient time as they used a grid system to create a smaller version of an artwork in order to scale up a design upon proportional representation in a larger grid. I think it is an interesting idea how people nowadays still prefer to use straight lines and grids on their works or constructions rather than curves or ornaments. Maybe because it is straighter forward, easier to approach, and more logical for people’s mind to set up and create things in grids, e.g. the street planning in Manhattan. Since people nowadays like things that are simple and more functional than decorative, as the saying suggests: ‘form follows function’, I believe grids will always be used in the modern world creations.


[1]Piano, Renzo, and Richard Rogers. "De Stijl." Art, Design, and Visual Thinking. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/decart/destijl/decstijl.htm>
[2] LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
[3] Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. 9. MIT: The MIT Press, 1979. 52. Print
[4] Lemonier, A. “Dossier 11. Maison Schröder, Utrecht, 1924”, De Stijl Catalogue, p.196

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Re: INDA - Final Response De Stijl

Post  Patmala Boondej on Mon Dec 12, 2011 4:47 pm

De stijl movement focuses on simplification of form, the usage of primary color, and "rectilinearity of planes."(LaMar)

De stijl paintings are partly influenced by the idea of grid because grid maps painting surface itself and turn that into art. This means both of "the physical and aesthetic quality"(ibid) exist on the same plane. This enables the audience to look at a painting rather than to look into it, and it is how modern artists want their work to be perceived because they focus on how they produce the work more than the end result. An artist Piet Mondrian constructed such paintings using only straight lines vertically and horizontally and primary colors as Composition A, Composition No.10, etc. These paintings he wanted them to be simple, but still contain their original meaning as he said that "...[he wanted] to come as close as possible to the truth and abstract everything from that, until [he reached] the foundation (still just an external foundation!) of things...”

I agree with Chittranuch on De stijl influences architecture and industrial design. Its concept of simplifying the composition and its style influence how things are made these days. Take Gerritt Rietveld schroder house, which made according to De stijl concept. Also his Red and Blue Chair as an example. The chair consists of only several simple rectangle pieces, which it seems quite easy to be constructed. Also he uses just primary colors on the chair, which is De stijl's color scheme.


LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. 9. MIT: The MIT Press, 1979. 52. Print

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De Stijl

Post  Guntana on Mon Dec 12, 2011 5:26 pm

In past, grid was just a system of providing a space into many small pieces equally, in order to set a composition of something on that space easily. However, eventually, the grid, a hidden element, became more overtly visible though artworks and architectural structures.
'De Stijl' or ‘The Style’ was a Dutch artistic movement found in 20th century. The movement, also known as 'Neoplasticism,' expressed a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order via pure abstraction. While it consists of primary colors along with black and white, focuses on simplified visual composition, generally horizontal and vertical direction (LaMar), the proponents of this movement did not only focus on using the grid to set the composition, but the grid itself is what they wanted to express as an artwork. It means that ‘De Stijl’ is no doubt, the best combination between the grid systems and arts.
There are many artists and architects who inspired by this movement all over the world. Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe was one of the examples. He found it appealing to use simple rectilinear and planer forms, clean lines, pure use of color, and the extension of space around and beyond interior walls expounded by the movement. It made him create an influential architectural style, stated with clarity and simpimplicity. (Zimmerman)
In my opinion, I found it very interesting that a composition of lines and a few colors could make an big impact as a great artwork and also be an inspiration for many great designers to create their on designs. It proves that the best inspiration does not need to come from the most complex thing. And the greatest creation does not need to consist of the most complicated substances.

LaMar, C. Global Art History Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
Zimmerman, C. (2009). Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe. TASCHEN

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final response: De Stijl

Post  Soravit Boonchit on Mon Dec 12, 2011 6:30 pm

De Stiji or commonly known as "The Style" or what is know for "Neoplasticism", was produce by a man name Theo van Doesburg who is a Dutch architect in Netherland in the year 1917 and it also continue to 1931. The group shared the same name as their publication called 'De Stijl' De Stijl projected ultimate simplicity and abstraction, both in architecture and painting, by using only straight horizontal and vertical lines also rectangular forms. Only Primary Color and Values, red, yellow, blue, black, grey and white were used.


According to Krauss, “The grid plays an important role in modern art.” Grids have become an initial inspiration and relevant to modernism in many ways, especially we can notice from famous art piece. We can see that the grid is a guide to creating art. In De Stijl mostly using grid in their art. In modernism art which influenced by De Stijil. The grid still effect and be a part in many works. The De Stijil art movement had just one goal that is to make art that was as simple and as basic as possible “to understand the function of myths” and “to attempt to deal with contradiction”. They wanted to purify art to a level of almost scientific precision and perfection. Moreover, composition and balance played a great part in the work making the movement decades of modern design and modern architecture. The style brought back to the fundamental element of art form and color, level and line which created simplicity of a modernism. They aim to reduce realism style and prefer using simply forms and functions to create a simply beautiful art.


Since the Grid has been coming to our life, Neo-Plasticsm is very important as a fundamental structure of architecture and urban designs, graphic designs, product designs and more. De Stiji leads and influences their style to the world and it is involved everywhere and related to us now.

References
1. LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
2. Krauss, Rosalind. "Grids." The MIT Press 9 (1979): 50-64. Print.
3. “De Stijl Movement.” abstract-art-explained. Web. 11 Dec 2011.
< http:// www.abstract-art-explained.com/DeStijlMovement.html >

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FINAL RESPONSE: DE STIJL

Post  Praj on Mon Dec 12, 2011 6:52 pm

De Stijl, is mean "The Style" in Dutch, is a modern movement organized and promoted by Dutch. It started in 1917 after the First World War. This movement is express pure abstract and focusing on the reduction of geometry and lines. The De Stijl have been influence many of modernism and gird in the idea of the concept.

As Guntana said that grid was the system of providing space in order to composing the space easily. Gird become useful in architect and also in art, it help to us up to the scale and as I said before it help to composing the art or structure. Grid is simply the vertical and horizontal lines combine together with usually leave the equally space in between.

I believe that many of the present architects are developed from this movement. For me I this movement is one of the tool that success in creating many of the great artwork. But it not everything of creating art, it may part of it. I also believe that art is happening because of more than one tool.

LaMar, C. Global Art History Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
Zimmerman, C. (2009). Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe. TASCHEN

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Final De stijl

Post  jidapa t. on Mon Dec 12, 2011 9:18 pm


Long time ago, in the age of classic, people living with arrogant and pride. Everyone fought to be the most powerful man and that's all based on their richness. They designed their own building with an enormous decoration and ornament. Suddennly, this style of art reveal to the world and modernism appear.

De stijl movement were founded in 1917 by designers named Theo van Doesburg & Gerrit Rietveld. This type of movement also called "The style" which influences the world to modernism. It is basically form with a simple line and colour. The horizontal and vertical lines are putting together to create a square and regtangle shape in the piece of art. The red, blue and yellow were inserted in the white space which adding more inteeresting feature to the picture. This way of movement is so simple but when the artist painting the colour into the scene, it is non-reasonable. The grid can also be seen in this kind of art when you looking at each box that arrange collectivelly in a form.

This style lead the world in created everything more simple. All type of art and building is produce without any luxury decoration. The more simple it is the more modern the world is.

LaMar, C. Global Art History Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.


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Re: INDA - Final Response De Stijl

Post  kannawat on Mon Dec 12, 2011 9:19 pm

De Stij was founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg with well known artist Piet Mondrian. This is also known as Neo-plasticism. This movement is in form of an abstract which uses simple geometric forms. The colors are also limited to only black, white, and primary colors.

As we can notice from artworks by De Stij it reminds you of grid system ,which as Guntana said that the grid system was system used to composing the space easily, These artworks reminds of grid system because the use of vertical and horizontal lines in the artwork shows how artists used the elements in their fundamental form. Architects nowadays somehow also adapted this movement and influences the design which can be referred to Neo-plasticism. The construction of the buildings which plays with the surface and the volume and the combination of completely simple colors and plain lines created this modern architecture.

Even Neo-plasticism was founded in 1917 the concept and the movement of it can still be seen in modern houses in these days and also influence the designs of many object. With it's basic geometric forms created by horizontal and vertical lines this movement is very strong and does not need any fantasies or stories to make them valuable.



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DE STIJL

Post  pannathorn e on Mon Dec 12, 2011 9:54 pm

“De Stijl” or “The Style” in Dutch, an artistic movement having Theo van Doesburg as its founder, started in 1917. It is also known as neo-plasticism or the new plastic movement. In the movement, the expression of a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order is achieved by pure abstraction and the reduction of forms and elements by using only primary colours and non-coloured perpendicular lines (LaMar).

The movement’s success in art-making refers to the huge amount of artists in this century that have used grid, that grid has become the medium for some of the greatest works of modernism, and most importantly, the grid is able to “emblematize” the Modern (Krauss 54). This is solid evidence portraying its relevance to modernism. The grid expresses the modernity of modern art spatially and temporally. Spatially, it is a rule and it is antireal, antinatural being flattened, geometric and ordered. Temporally, as mentioned, it is an emblem of modernity and exists everywhere in the art of the 20th and 21st century, however it was nowhere seen in the art of the previous. Moreover, the movement has the ability that maps the physical surface of the actual painting, simultaneously with its aesthetic on the same plane, which makes it fascinating (LaMar).

De Stijl had also found its way into industrial design and architecture. The conversion of the flattened art into a three-dimensional design and architectural approach is amazing, despite having to obey the movement’s rule. A great example of its influence can be seen in Gerritt Rietveld’s Red and Blue Chair. The use of simple rectangular wood pieces and non-colour and primary colours clearly follow the fundamental principles of the movement.

LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. 9. MIT: The MIT Press, 1979. 52. Print

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Re: INDA - Final Response De Stijl

Post  Pitchanee S on Mon Dec 12, 2011 10:39 pm

De Stijl, The Style in Dutch, know as neoplasticism. It was found by Dutch artist named Theo van Doesburg in 1931. The movement sought to express a new utopia ideal of spiritual harmony and order. The principle is an abstraction and geometric reducing the essential of form and color. I like the way it is used only primary color (red, yellow and blue) along with black and white because it is clearly defined the colors and ignored the natural form and color.

Using grid is important for the urban planning in 20th century. The grid is also the most basic and simplest form of art and materialize object. It is widely used. It is simple form of art. As Krauss states that the grid is “Flattened, geometriczed, ordered, it is antinatural, antimimetic, antireal.”(p.50). they are the main aims of de stijl which has concept same as modern art and reject realism.

Many artists were inspired by this movement for example Mies van der Rohe was among the most important proponents of its ideas. Between 1923 and 1924, Rietveld designed the Rietveld Schröder House, the only building to have been created completely according to De Stijl principles.

LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. The MIT Press. Oct. 1979. PDF.
Coulton, Brent. "The Influence of De Stijil." 12 Dec. 2011 <http://sites.google.com/site/bintphotobooks/destijl>.
Jirousek, Charlotte. "De Stijl." Art, Design, and Visual Thinking. 12 Dec. 2011 <http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/decart/destijl/decstijl.htm>.
Johnstone, Edgeworth. "De Stijl | Modern Art." Contemporary Artist London, British UK. 12 Dec. 2011 <http://www.edgeworthjohnstone.co.uk/article_destijl.html>.

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Final Response De Stijl

Post  chanaporn sutharoj on Mon Dec 12, 2011 10:41 pm

De Stijl is "The Style" in Dutch, was an art movement founded during 19th century by Theo van Deosburg, also known as Neo-plasticism (new plastic art). De Stijl style uses a primary, final simplicity and abstraction by using only straight horizontal, vertical lines and rectangular forms. The colour also limited to the primary colours and the three primary values, black, white, and grey. It had an influenced from cubism and the ideas about ideal geometric forms, such as a perfect straight line.

Rosalind Krauss explains the importance of the grid as a structure within the visual arts of the 20th century. He stated that "In the flatness that results from its coordinates, the grid is the means of crowding out the dimensions of the real and replacing them with the lateral spread of a single surface."(Krauss p.9) The grid leads to modernism style because it created its unique style. The straight lines crossing each other created a simple geometric shape and eliminating all non-essential forms. This creates modern style by using only simple structures, as it is one of the important influenced techniques in industrial design and architecture. This idea also agree with Banyaporn "The grid is an emblem of modernity by being just that: the form that is ubiquitous in the art of our century, while appearing nowhere, nowhere at all, in that part of the last one. In that great chain of reactions by which modernism was born out of the efforts …." (Krauss p.52) as she suggested that the geometric forms and a straight line strips across each others are a fundamental style for everything, everywhere and every period of time, which create a modernism style.

Reference
1. LaMar, C. Global Art History Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
2. Rosalind E. Krauss, The Originality of the Avant-Garde and Other Modernist Myths (Cambridge: The M.I.T. Press, 1985)
3. Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. 9. MIT: The MIT Press, 1979. 50-64. Print

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Patorn Sangruchi 543-479-5725

Post  Patorn on Mon Dec 12, 2011 10:48 pm

Grids allows a contradiction between the values of science and those of spiritualism to maintain themselves within the unconscious, and so says the American art critic Rosalind Krauss. Really? What exactly lies in these lines and colours that prove it to be theosophically significant? Yes, I used the word theosophy as, at the very least, in my point of view, if grids are to be connected to the idea of a (or multiple, for that matter) higher power, they must be a tool belonging to that branch of philosophy. In theosophy, in contradictory to Krauss' argument that faith is suppressed under science, scientific and religious decipline are unified into a single universal view. I would better illustrate this with Piet Mondrian's opus: Composition II in Red, Blue and Yellow. This piece, similarly to his other works, is an attempt to find the base aesthetic that governs the visual- and perhaps, the spiritual world. Its precision and "definiteness", a resultant characteristic we are left with after we strip down all the exterior bit and pieces (much to the same way that when we cut elements to its smallest size possible we would be left with the quarks of that element, in it lies the same characteristic-definite and indivisible), completes the scientific part of this spatial representation. However, the composition as a whole serves as a visual balance which the artists belief the physical world to be composed off- an unscientific (because it is qualitative rather than quantitative) and spiritual point of view. The two parts is thus seen to a product of the artist's integration not suppression. One would not be able to imagine how a work with such perfection that might as well lead to an ecstasy under God's supposedly perfectness can be called a repression tool. And just a note to finish off, Piet Mondrian have no reason to hide faith underneath science- he a very strong believer in the theosophical doctrine, saying in his notebook " the patterns represent the struggle toward unity of cosmic dualities and the religious symmetry undergirding the material universe". This, therefore, supports my argument against Krauss proposal that, like psychoanalysis, grids is a mythical tool which allows faith to co-exist UNDER science.

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De Stijl

Post  Nattakritta Lertpunyaroj on Mon Dec 12, 2011 10:50 pm

De Stijl which translates to the ‘The Style’ was founded by Theo van Doesburg, a Dutch artist movement in 1917. This movement, also known as ‘Neoplsticism’, expresses ‘a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order via pure abstraction’ (LaMar). This movement was focusing on simplicity of an artwork. It was focused through the use of primary colors and straight lines. It allows only primary colors which are red, blue, and yellow and also non colors which are black and white in the art work. Horizontal and vertical lines are across each other and form into grids, which are now visible and very important in modern art. It represents geometric shapes and creates a good composition within a frame. This also gives an idea of negative and positive space.

This movement, De Stijl, also bleeds into many industrial design and architecture. For example, the “Red and Blue Chair” by Gerritt Rietveld, it also follows this movement’s concept by using geometric shapes and also primary and non colors.

ArtLex Art Dictionary. Web. 10 Dec. 2011. <http://www.artlex.com/>.

LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.

Krauss, Rosalind. "Grids." The MIT Press 9 (1979): 50-64. Print.


Last edited by Nattakritta Lertpunyaroj on Mon Dec 12, 2011 11:01 pm; edited 1 time in total

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Re: De Stijl

Post  Kritchanat on Mon Dec 12, 2011 10:53 pm

The De Stijl, The Style, was an art movement founded by architects and painters in 1917. This movement is for artist who seek for new aesthetic of art and principle. The movement spread through many different areas, such as town planning, fine art, applied art, and philosophy. Artists of the De Stijl movement saw art as a collective approach, and as a language that went beyond culture, geography and politics. The artwork created by the De Stijl movement artists gave off a depersonalized, anonymous feel. It was felt that the artist’s personality should take a back seat in the artwork. The key to creating art within the movement’s views was to follow the theory of scaling down formal components of art by using only primary colors and straight lines.

The idea of using straight lines, primary colors, and simple or geometric form bring the art of 'grid'. Grid compose straight line to from many rectangular shapes. It is very simple and fundamental.

The De Stijl movement have many influence on Modernism. In modern architect, it is about simplicity in form and creation of ornament from the structure and theme of the building. Also in urban planing, using grid is the simplest form and easy to organize. Using very plain colors such as black and white, and a simplest form play an important element in industrial design. grid is a background to every piece of artwork and it is very important in architecture. Grid is something that can be used to create anything because it is very simple and can even make it easier to create any art material.

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Re: INDA - Final Response De Stijl

Post  Kwanruk on Mon Dec 12, 2011 10:58 pm

"De Stijl "or "The Style" in English which known as Neo-Plasticism is an art movement founded by Theo van Deosburg, a Dutch writer, painter, designer and architect in 1917 after World War I. This movement creates the idea of spiritual "harmony and order via pure abstraction" [1] by using grids and simplicity focusing on straight lines (vertical and horizontal), reduction of shapes and geometry with "primary colors of red, blue and yellow or the non-colors of black, gray and white.” [3]

According to Krauss, “The grid plays an important role in modern art.” [2] It is one of the primary of modernism because of the similar relationship between primary colors and geometric forms of grid and modern art that appeared everywhere nowadays. The idea of minimalism is created to change the world of realism.

Moreover, De Stijil has a great influence for many kinds of arts. I agree with Chittranuch that grid can be used for scaling design in proportion, architecture, industrial design and urban planning, etc. For example, "Gerrit Rietveld's House is one of the most complete realization of De Stijl furnishings, decoration and architecture" [4] by creating suitable volumes, surfaces and colors.

Reference
[1] LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
[2] Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. 9. MIT: The MIT Press, 1979. 50-64. Print
[3] Jirousek, Charlotte. “De Stijl” De Stijl. Cornell.1995. 12 December 2011 http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/decart/destijl/decstijl.html .
[4] Watkins, Thayer. "Piet Mondrian, Neoplasticism and De Stijl”. 12 December 2011
http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/mondrian.htm

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De Stijl

Post  Punnarungsi Temswaenglert on Mon Dec 12, 2011 11:08 pm

De Stijl mean ‘The Style’, know as Neo-Plasticism, or the new plastic art, which is art movement that founded in 1917 by a group of Dutch artistes. The idea of De Stijl is to express a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony. This is a simple form of art by using primary colors with black and white, geometric shape, and straight line to created movement.


According from Rosalind Krauss, the American art critic and theorist said “The grid plays an important role in modern art”. The idea of grid is the simplest technical for artiste to guide how to start on the simple geometry platforms. Grid also the universal symbol that most people understand how the system works.


Both movement and modernism is simplest. According to Khim statement “In temporal sense, grid is modern just for what it is; it is everywhere in this century, but could not be found elsewhere in the previous ones.” This statement is clearly defined that modernism is basically using simple form of element, vertical and horizontal line so people will understand the structure clearly.


Works Cited
1. Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. The MIT Press October, Vol.9 (Summer, 1979)
2. LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.

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Final Response De stijil

Post  Sethavudh on Mon Dec 12, 2011 11:09 pm

De Stijil ,a Dutch word which mean "The Style".it was particular founded in 1971 by Theo Van Deosburg, right after the first World war. The movement had express harmony and abstraction by using of primary colours in the lines and forms in a basic geometric layout that will provide viewers with the feeling of spiritual harmony.

De stijil simply focuses on form and colours, and these element that we are talking about is not like 10 or more in options but its only few colours and all of it are primaly colour. I think most of the reply are refer De stijil as a grid only,but i noticed that they're not just a regtangular shape.

The movement had become an idea that later become a fundamental of art work. People started to creat a master peiece based on that knowledge, which we called it a modernism.
According to ''Piet Mondrian Bio'',many of his work are using this style.

Thus the idea become implemented into our daily life. and it lead into a revolution of art history that still developt widely.

1.) LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
2.) “De Stijl Movement.” abstract-art-explained. Web. 10 Dec 2011.
< http://www.abstract-art-explained.com/DeStijlMovement.html>.
3.) Rosalind Krauss. "Grids." October, (Summer 1979), pp: 50-64. Reprinted in The Originality of the Avant-Garde and Other Modernist Myths. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1993.

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Felicia Deciree Hyvarinen- De stijl response

Post  Felicia on Mon Dec 12, 2011 11:35 pm

De Stijl also known as " The style" or Neo-plasticism, It's a Dutch artistic movement that was found in 1917 after WWI. This movement is focusing on geometry and straight line. the key features of this movement are the visual composition and the relationships between forms and lines. Moreover, Primary color and B/W are the only colors that are used. De Stilj tries to express the idea of pure abstraction and also the idea of 'a new n ideal of spiritual harmony'.

De stijl uses vertical and horizontal line directions which then form into grids. " The grids plays an important role in modern art" according to Krauss. I agree with that statement as grid are the simplest and basic forms but it has a major influence into industrial and urban design, including architecture. Grids are used to in city planning and constructing buildings. Also in architectural aspects, grids are applied into the designs of buildings, windows including product designs. Grids has become a new standard style for architecture.

Even though, grids are the simplest and basic forms but it has its functions and able to adapt into other complicated things, and that is the reason why it has became a important role in everything in our life.

Reference :

Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. 9. MIT: The MIT Press, 1979. 50-64. Print.
LaMar, Connelly. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.

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