CommDe - Final Response De Stijl

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Re: CommDe - Final Response De Stijl

Post  Virada on Mon Dec 12, 2011 2:22 pm

De Stiljl is a movement of new plastic art founded in Netherlands during 1917-1930 due to the fact that cubism and impressionism started to become prominent in the art world. The movement applies abstract geometrical shapes with neutral and primary colours such as red, blue, white and yellow into their designs. These designs came out to be simple but straightforward, quite spiritual in its own way as it leaves the viewer to think beyond the artwork itself. Rosalind Krauss once said "In the flatness that results from its coordinates, the grid is the means of crowding out the dimensions of the real and replacing them with the lateral spread of a single surface.” The whole idea of grids gives out a feeling of harmony and simplicity to the design. One of an example of a design from this movement is a chair that was designed by a man called Gerrit Rietveld. It is called the “Red-and-blue chair’ and was designed in 1917, showing a lot of similarities to a De Stijl painting. This is one of the most important products, which showed that the De Stijl movement and was very modern for it’s time. It remained one of the most famous chairs in the world. Also, the scheme of neoplasticism influenced the Bauhaus group, a group that consists of artists, engineers and architects. Highlighting the initiative of shape following function, expressing using materials as the most ergonomic way to design was their biggest aim.


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De Stijil

Post  Pakapat on Mon Dec 12, 2011 10:14 pm

A magazine called De Stijil published between 1917 and 1932 presented the movement's works and theoretical foundations to an international readership.

The Dutch for The Style or De Stijil was a utopian philosophical approach to aesthetics was founded by a group of the publication leaded by Theo van Doesburg. The ideas and designs were based on functionalism and were very influential on subsequent design style. All surface decoration except color was to be eliminated and only pure primary hues plus black and white were used. This kind of art reduced the forms and colors to geometric form.

De Stijil movement played important role in industrial design and architecture as New-Plasticism. It encompassed a new type of style in modern art and architecture in designing homes, buildings and furniture. Its concept as "Less is more" and "Doing more with less" are the keys to industrial designers to create their works to be simple and long lasting.



Reference
http://www.huntfor.com/arthistory/C20th/destijl.htm
http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/decart/destijl/decstijl.htm

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De Stijl

Post  Surasin on Mon Dec 12, 2011 10:51 pm

De Stijl is the name in Dutch that means style.It was a movement of art which also known as Neo-plasticism.De Stijl’s movement uses geometrical forms like squares and rectangles and it uses the primary colors in their forms or non color like black and white to combined with many art objects.De Stijl exist in architectures,paintings,furnitures.This art form was founded by Theo Van Doesburg in 1917 and it’s ended in 1931.De Stijl is all about the simplicity and abstraction of the movement.De Stijl uses lines like horizontal lines and vertical lines which is all straight line to create.This movement shows how the important of the lines and grid and i think this movement can be modified and changed to the art in the present.I do agree with Tarin that less is more and i think it’s very important to know and learn about De Stijl.

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Aurapa Osthananda commde 41

Post  Aurapa on Mon Dec 12, 2011 10:58 pm

De Stijl was, at first, the name of a Dutch art magazine founded in 1917 by artist and architect Theo Van Doesburg. De Stijl was widely read by the staff and students at the Bauhaus School of Design in Weimar, Germany, Van Doesburg.

Later, De Stijl (or ‘the style’ in Dutch) then gave its name to a group of artists and architects that included Piet Mondrian, Bart Van Der Leck, Vilmos Huszar, Georges Vontongerloo, Pieter Oud, and Gerrit Rietveld. The most significant period of the De Stijl movement were the years 1921 to 1925. During this period the group enjoyed tremendous success.

De Stijl sought to create a universal style of design, using geometric forms, straight vertical and horizontal lines, and a limited palette that allowed only the three primary colors red, blue, and yellow, in combination with the three non-colors Black, Gray, and White.

The De Stijl movement was also called Neoplaticism. It signified a new trend, and was a major influence in architecture, painting, sculpture, and design. Piet Mondrian's paintings and the furniture designed by Gerrit Rietveld are great examples of 20th century design. In architecture many De Stijl principles are still applied. For example, Rietveld's Schroeder house, the house is considered as the most complete realization of the De Stijl aesthetic.

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Arachapon 42

Post  Arachapon on Tue Dec 13, 2011 12:18 am

De stijl or “the style“ in English is also known as Neo-plasticism(New plastic Art) founded in 1917 by Dutch artist, Theo van Doesburg. This movement brought new idea of art in abstract form with its different structure from any of prior movement ever. It crates out of many techniques using only straight horizontal and vertical lines which form up rectangular and square shapes. Primary colors and non colors such as black, white, and grey are the most used in this movement.

The works appear to be in Geometric form no curves or uncertain shapes. It is more concerning on texture. The grid is related to De Stijil back to modernism. Grid and De Stijl create a clear logic of understanding (Krauss), such as landscape and the maps. Even New York city’s plan is based on this platform. They are mostly like the basic logical idea of making up art and architecture design.

Grids and De Stijl can be seen everywhere these days. We can see it in daily life on product design. For example; Mondrian Nike shoe design, which got inspired by Pieter Cornelis Mondrain’s work(he was influenced by Picasso and Braque). “I construct lines and color combinations on a flat surface in order to express general beauty with the utmost awareness.” Said Mondrian. Not only Nike, but also Kara Ross’s purse, Yves Saint Laurent’s dress, Evisu’s jeans, VANS’s shoes design are inspired by De Stijl and they are named Mondrian for certain designs.


http://men.mthai.com/content/1967

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De Stijl- Jidapa

Post  Jidapa Ratanapapat on Tue Dec 13, 2011 1:25 am

De Stijl, or neo-plasticism, was a Dutch movement founded by Theo Van Doesburg. This movement is particularly ascociated with perpendicular straight lines and, its use of the primary colours red, blue and yellow. Throughout history, the movement has kicked off many change in various other fields including architecture. It was actually Van Doesburg himself that begin to promote De Stijl style in buildings, and, to many modern art critic, it was through this association with architectural design that De Stijl finally became know to the rest of Europe.

The reason that De Stijl became popular lies in it being an absolutist art form- aesthetic torn down to its bare. The fact meant that a certain art form can at last bind together with the already-existing modernist architect ideology; in the words of Adolf Loos, "It is easy to reconcile ourselves to the great damage and depredations the revival of ornament had done to our aesthetic development, since no one and nothing, not even the power of the state, can hold up the evolution of mankind. It can only be slowed down. We can afford to wait. But in economic respects it is a crime, in that it leads to the waste of human labor, money, and materials. That is damage time cannot repair. The speed of cultural development is hampered by the stragglers. I am living, say, in 1912, my neighbor around 1900, and that man over there in 1880."

However, it could not have been said that these architects attempted to directly transfer the theory of De Stijl in fine art onto that of architecture, as the two essentially stands on each end of the line. It was the two-dimensionality of the canvas that allows the spatial representation to be done and this certainly could not happen in three-dimensional architectural space. Piet Mondrian himself says that " [the] picture will disappear as soon as we transfer its plastic beauty to the space around us through the organization of the room into color areas…" In all, as I have talked about in the last paragraph, it was an economical reason rather than a conceptual one that De Stijl style in architecture came to popularity.

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Chavisa Rojratanadumrong

Post  chavisa on Tue Dec 13, 2011 2:13 am

De Stijl is a Dutch artistic movement also known as Neo-plasticism or the new plastic art. The movement was founded from 1917 to 1931 in Netherlands. The movement was expressing the new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order. It was pure abstraction and reduced the essentials of forms and colours by using only primary colors, red, yellow and blue, along with black and white and simplifying visual composition to the vertical and horizontal directions. Piet Mondrian and Theo Van Doesburg were two of the most well known members of this movement. Piet Mondrian explained De Stijl as "to express general beauty with the utmost awareness". I agree with Titirat and Chanapak that De Stijl can be seen as the starting point for the following style of minimalism art.

"Grid," was later inspired by this movement and was used for city planning, perspective drawing and many more. Other than this De Stijl was found to be an inspiration to many arts and design including architecture and industrial design.

I also agree with Worakit which he agreed Nataporn on that De Stijl is spreading into arts and design, it is inevitable that arts and design are influenced by this movement and that we might not have today if we did not use the grid system or to be more specific if De Stijl did not exist.



LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
De Stijl , wikipedia ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Stijl

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Chatchanok M.

Post  chatchanokm on Tue Dec 13, 2011 2:18 am

The De Stijl (literally, "the style") art movement was founded by the painter and architect Theo van Doesburg in Leiden in 1917. It encompassed a new type of style in modern art and architecture. This movement used the artistic talent of the artists by designing homes, buildings, and furniture.
Moreover, De Stijl style has the influence of cubicsm in which the cubism contains geometric shape. An geometric shape that suit in to these recent day style. further more All surface decoration except color was to be eliminated, and only pure primary hues, plus black and white were to be allowed. how does it influence Architecture and industrial design? well, the most important thing about this group was their ideas, since they managed to build very few of their designs. One important exception is Gerrit Rietveld's Schroeder House, which is the most complete realization of the de Stijl aesthetic. Not only the house, but also the furnishings and decoration were planned by Rietveld. In spite of the apparently small output of this group, they would be very influential on subsequent design styles.
To be conclude De Stijl style is the style that easily enable and usable in most possibilities. As De Stijl style contain the inability of creating cubic, geometric and the use of color. Also the use of thr Grid that was developed in to architecture and perspective drawing. De Stijl style lots of lots of influence in these nowadays, as if the grid doesn't exist or has been developed maybe art and design would not coming out in what we have or seen today.

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De Stiji By Panakorn

Post  panakorn on Tue Dec 13, 2011 2:54 pm

The De Stijl, means as “the style” (and also known as Neo-plasticism) was an art movement founded by architect and painter, Theo van Deosburg in 1917 in Leiden. The name has come to represent the common aims and utopian vision of a loose affiliation of Dutch and international artists and architects.

The ubiquitous grids of De Stijl art and architecture completely rejected organic nature and showed estrangement towards classic literature and narratives. Forms were most always reduced to the horizontal and vertical elements, utilizing only the essential basic colors. The aesthetics prohibited symmetry and depth, with all volumes always reduced to flat planes. Compositions were balanced through the contrasting effects of colors, and the variations in the sizes and shapes of the planes. Everything rested on the basis of formal interrelationships.

The grid is the most basic and simplest form of art and materialize object. It is widely used. It is simple form of art. As Krauss states that the grid is “Flattened, geometriczed, ordered, it is antinatural, antimimetic, antireal.”(p.50). they are the main aims of de stijl which has concept same as modern art and reject realism.


Reference

-Krauss, Rosalind. Grids. 9. MIT: The MIT Press, 1979. 50-64. Print
-LaMar, C. Global Art History. Fall 2011. De Stijl. Slideshow.
-De Stijl Movement: Theo van Doesburg & Gerrit Rietveld Accessed April 1, 2008
http://designhistorymashup.blogspot.com/2008/04/de-stijl-movement-theo-van-doesburg.html

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Compliments

Post  Admin on Wed Jan 11, 2012 3:19 pm

I didn't respond to this forum much during the term, as I enjoyed letting your discussions grow organically, however, I wanted to say in the final post there was 'significant' improvement by most everyone in using citations. Basically getting more at showing you understand the basics, and then moving forward with your own ideas from a variety of sources.

Academic like Krauss and starting to blend in perhaps even blend in or reference opinions posted in new media on blogs about design for example. Finding a strong core and plurality of sources is a great asset, and a good way to develop a plural understanding.

Alot of people didn't post. Only 33 in the final forum. I'd appreciate it if those who didn't reply to De Stijl took this opportunity to do that.. Thank you again.

Sincerely, Connelly

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